Gambling in the Philippines
Gambling in the Philippines has been present since the nineteenth century, and is still prevalent in the country today. Presently, it takes on different legal and illegal types found almost throughout the archipelago. The government manages gambling through the Philippine Amusement and Gaming Corporation (PAGCOR) that intends to regulate and operate games of chance, and to generate government funds, but there are also other public and private agencies that handles specific kinds of betting. Specifically, casino gaming under PAGCOR is essential to the country’s tourism and revenue. The Philippines has more casinos than Macau, with twenty found in Metro Manila alone.
Before the Spanish colonization., gambling is said to have been present in the Philippines. Even though there are no specific records when gambling was first practiced in the archipelago, it is possible that a few forms were introduced by the Chinese in the late nineteenth century. Because of the proximity of both nations, many local Chinese goes to the Philippines for business and gain, engaging in various trades and activities.  On Magellan’s voyage to the Philippines, it was noted in the accounts of Antonio Pigafetta, he had already witnessed bets being put on cockfights when his boat arrived at Palawan at 1521.
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